The significance of the US Latino vote of 32 million people was demonstrated during the 2020 US Presidential election. The Democratic Party has proposed important projects for Latin Americans in the United States and here we highlight the three main promises that will define the future of the US Latino community.
First, the Democratic Party has not yet fulfilled their former promise to pass an immigration reform bill which would provide a pathway to legalization for the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States. During the Obama administration, the proposal was rejected by the House of Representatives. During the 2020 Presidential debates, Joe Biden said that “[w]ithin a hundred days, [he is] going to send to the United States Congress a pathway to citizenship for over 11 million undocumented people.”
Second, Joe Biden has promised to legalize Dreamers – undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children, obeyed the law once here, and stayed in school or enlisted in the military – by reinstating the DACA program, which was suspended in 2017 during the Trump administration.*
Third, Joe Biden has promised to extend the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to Venezuelans seeking relief from the humanitarian crisis brought on by the Maduro regime and to review every TPS decision made by the Trump administration and overturn all those that do not appropriately consider the facts on the ground. Cristóbal Alex, a senior adviser to the Biden campaign, said Joe Biden “will immediately grant T.P.S. to Venezuelans who are in this country” as early as January 2021.
Finally, Joe Biden’s administration plans to reduce migration from the Northern Triangle – El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras – by addressing its root causes. He plans to develop a comprehensive four-year, $4 billion regional strategy to address the factors driving migration from Central America, i.e., violence, transnational criminal organizations, poverty, and corrupt and ineffective public institutions.
*As of December 7, 2020, DACA has been fully reinstated by the Trump Administration